The majority of Canadians are found in the southern portion of the country, as shown on this population Canada map from Stats Canada. The black area, which makes up the largest area in the country is listed as Sparsely Populated, at less than 0.4 persons per square kilometre. The two largest provinces, Ontario and Quebec, have the majority of their population within a few hundred miles of the USA border. The population in the three western provinces spreads much further north, as the topography is grasslands, aspen parkland and mountain valleys.

As of April 2011, Stats Canada reports our population as 34,349,200. Canada’s population is not evenly distributed across the country, as shown below.

  • Ontario 38.7% of the total population
  • Quebec 23.2%
  • British Columbia 13.2%
  • Alberta 10.9%
  • Manitoba 3.6%
  • Saskatchewan 3.1%
  • Nova Scotia 2.8%
  • New Brunswick 2.2%
  • Newfoundland & Labrador 1.8%
  • Prince Edward Island 0.4%
  • The Yukon 0.1%
  • Northwest Territories 0.1%
  • Nunavut 0.1%

The ten largest cities in Canada, 2011

  • Toronto, Ontario
  • Montreal, Quebec
  • Calgary, Alberta
  • Ottawa, Ontario
  • Edmonton, Alberta
  • Mississauga, Ontario
  • Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Brampton, Ontario
  • Hamilton, Ontario

The median (average) age by province and territory, 2006

  • Nova Scotia: 41.8
  • Newfoundland and Labrador: 41.7
  • New Brunswick: 41.5
  • Quebec: 41.0
  • British Columbia: 40.8
  • Prince Edward Island: 40.8
  • Ontario: 39.0
  • Saskatchewan: 38.7
  • Yukon: 38.4
  • Manitoba: 38.1
  • Alberta: 36.0
  • Northwest Territories: 31.2
  • Nunavut: 23.1

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