Winter Birds in Canada

black-billed magpie

Black-billed magpie ©Pat Bumstead

For those hardy birders who want to tackle Canada in the winter, we’ve prepared a list of winter birds in Canada that huddle through our northern climate. As always when dealing with birds, this list is not a definitive one, but is meant to be a rough guide.  

Water Birds

  • There are now year round resident populations of Canada Geese and Mallards.
  • Eider ducks – Common & King
  • Scoters – Black, White-winged & Surf
  • Ducks – Harlequin & Longtailed
  • Goldeneyes – Common & Barrows
  • Mergansers – Common & Hooded
  • Murres – Common & Thick-billed
  • Razorbill
  • Guillemots – Black & Pigeon
  • Murrelets – Marbled & Ancient
  • Auklets – Cassin’s & Rhinocerous
  • Puffin, Atlantic

Birds of Prey

  • Eagles – Bald & Golden
  • Hawks – Sharp-shinned & Merlin,
  • Falcons – Peregrine, Gryfalcon & Northern Goshawk
  • Owls – Great-horned, Barred, Great Grey, Snowy, Northern Pygmy, Saw-whet, Northern Hawk & Boreal

Game Birds

  • Partridge, Grey
  • Pheasant, Ring-necked
  • Grouse – Ruffed, Spruce, Blue, Sharp-tailed & Sage
  • Turkey, Wild
  • Ptarmigan – White-tailed, Rock & Willow
  • Dove, Rock (Common Pigeon)

Perching Birds

  • Woodpeckers – Northern Flicker, Downy, Hairy, Three-toed, Black-backed & Pileated
  • Shrike, Northern
  • Jays – Blue, Grey, Stellars & Clarke’s Nutcracker
  • Magpie, Black-billed
  • Raven, Common
  • Crow, American
  • Lark, Horned
  • Chickadees – Black-capped, Mountain, Chestnut-backed, Boreal, Grey-headed
  • Creeper, Brown
  • Nuthatches – White-breasted, Red-breasted, Pygmy
  • Wren, Winter
  • Dipper, American
  • Kinglet, Golden-crowned
  • Thrushes – Varied & American Robin
  • Starling, European
  • Waxwing – Bohemian & Cedar
  • Sparrows – Song, Dark-eyed Junco, Snow Bunting, House
  • Cardinal, Northern
  • Finches – House, Pine Siskin, American Goldfinch, Common Redpoll, Hoary Redpoll, Red Crossbill, White-winged Crossbill, Pine Grosbeak, Evening Grosbeak

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>