Hunting meat, or sometimes merely hunting, is called any animal hunted for consumption or not usually domesticated. These animals can also be captured as a hobby or for Sport.
The variety or the type and of animals which are hunted for consumption is not the same in every part of the world. That is because of the differences in climate, biodiversity, local tastes, and the locally accepted option of which animals may or may not be hunted in a legit way. Sometimes they also make a distinction between different species and varieties of a precise animal, like wild turkey or the domestic one.
In some of the countries, meat is classified and includes legally in respect of compulsory licenses. The minor includes small species of animals such as pheasants, rabbits, mice, ducks, or geese. The single small hunting license may cover all small hunting species and be subject to annual hunting quotas. Major hunts include animals such as deer, bears or moose, and is often subject to individual licenses, with separate permits being required for every single animal charged.
Hunting wild animals for food is more than usual in some tropical and subtropical rural areas of Africa, Asia, and America. And legitimate. But things are changing. It is being hunted not to eat but to sell, it is being done massively and this endangers the balance of the jungles and of course the health of the humans who inhabit it.
In rural communities in these parts of the world, 80 percent of the protein eaten comes from wild animal hunting. From hunting a few pieces for self-sufficiency a week, they have gone on to hunt a million tons of meat a year in Central Africa, for example.
There the trade in this meat moves about 72 million dollars, according to the TRAFFIC organization.
Locals are hunting reptiles, birds, and mammals. Anything you can eat, including animals that are protected, such as elephants and some primates.
This could affect the good health of the forest: no less than 75% of the plant species that form the forest depend on the animals that inhabit it for pollination and therefore for reproduction.
Not only is the jungle beginning to resent abusive hunting: eating hunted animals without any sanitary control increases the incidence of disease and its expansion.
These days’ representatives of 20 Indigenous communities and biodiversity conservation organizations, such as CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora), have met in Nairobi, Kenya, to discuss the situation and try to find alternatives. And it’s not easy.
For example, changing the meat of wild animals for domestic cattle is not a good option. To raise livestock in the Congo, 80 percent of its area would have to be converted into grass crops to feed the animals.
Rat breeding – Two of the most exciting options proposed at the meeting are the breeding of short-hoist rats, something that is already being done in other parts of the continent with excellent results. He’s a big, fleshy animal. It weighs about 10 pounds and very tasty, docile and easy to get by.
And the other proposal is to raise honey bees to trade in the product. They are just a couple of alternatives, not to put an end to hunting, but at least to slow it down and slow it down. To place the order into all this disempowerment caused by lack of resources and hunger requires much more.